How to Harvard Referencing Guide

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How to Harvard Referencing Guide

References are important part of your dissertation research. It lays out the sources and references of the work you quoted of other academics in your research. It helps reader or your teacher (if you are submitting a dissertation assignment) with the tool to identity and verify the information you jotted down in your research. If you are an undergrad, chances are, you are probably be familiar with dissertation writing, and you probably had a long lecture from your teacher on the ways of appropriate referencing. A well put dissertation must have well put references.

If you are relating to all of this so far, you probably heard of Harvard Referencing. Maybe you stumble upon it on the internet while searching for good ways to reference your research paper, or maybe your teacher put them as a requirement for your dissertation. Anyhow, Harvard Referencing is a popular way to reference your dissertation paper. Even though Harvard Referencing, in itself contains many variations, they are mainly punctuations differences. Harvard referencing method is the most widely used and accepted method of citation, which is used by almost every student. If you just got introduced to dissertation writing and citations, you are probably wondering how to cite your references, and in a way that is most appropriate. Hence, giving you a good chance to ace your dissertation assignment. You can also acquire help from professionals offering Dissertation Help services. This is “How to Harvard Reference Guide,” a complete guide on how you can easily cite the works of professional academics you used in your assignment.

First, we will start by looking at the different types of references. There are two types of references used in citing a quote or work of an author/academic. One being “in-text citation” and the other one being “Reference list”.

In-text Citation:

In-text citation means quoting the works and saying of the author/academic directly into the body of your dissertation research. It can also be a paraphrased version of the author/academic’s quote. The important part is to realize that quoting ‘in-text citation’ is to quote a fragment of the source.

It should look like this, {“the fragment of author’s….” (Author’s name/book)

Reference List:

Reference lists are your full citation of source. This is the main one you should be focusing on. They are placed at the end of your dissertation in a very precise way. A typical reference list contains the following,

  1. Name
  2. Year published
  3. Title
  4. City of publication
  5. Publisher
  6. Pages referenced

There are different types of referencing list styles. You need to know each one of them distinctively to score high on your dissertation assignment. Let’s dive a little on the appropriate use of each referencing list style.

Citation of Books:

Typically, when given the assignment of writing a dissertation, students are given a free hand into selecting their medium for information. Books are the most common source of information. They are the most used form of medium students use to quote from. So, it is equally important to understand and know the appropriate way to quote a reference or references from a book. It is also important to know the distinction when quoting information from one author or more than one author of a book.

Citation with one author:

The usual format of citation for a book with one author is to start with Name, followed by title of the book, then edition of the book (if it is not the first edition), then mention the city of the book’s publication, and lastly mention the publisher.

Citation with more than one author:

 If you are quoting from a book that has more than one author, you need to lay out the format for referencing like this;

Book with two authors:

Last name, first initial. Last name, first initial. Year of publication, Title of the book, city of publication, then publisher.

Book with three authors:

Last name, first initial. Last name, first initial. Last name, first initial. Year of publication, title of the book, city of publication, then the publisher.

Moving on, if you are citing references from books of the same author, you need to cite them by the year of publication. If by chance you are using work of an author published in the same year then you should place a,b,c after you mention the year. You just need to place your references in sequential order defined by the year.

The format usually goes like this,

Last name, first initial. Year of the publication, title of the book, city of publication, and then the publisher.

Citation of Articles:

Quoting intellectual or scholarly work is another good approach in making your dissertation assignment/paper stand out from the rest. Quoting articles written by intellectuals and influencers is a great way to put thought provoking ideas into your research paper, and it is equally important to know how to appropriately quote them. Not doing so will make your paper look like a sloppy piece of work. Citing articles from print journals is different from citing articles from a typical newspaper. The differences in format is as follows,

Citing articles from Print Journals:

Last name, first initial. Year of publication, article title. Name of the journal, volume/issue, and then reference the page/s.

Citing articles from Newspaper – Online or Print:

The typical style of citing article from a newspaper is to first quote the Last name of the author, first initial. Year of publication of article, title of the article. Name of the newspaper, and then reference the page/s.

Citing articles from Magazines- online or print:

Similarly, when quoting article from a magazine, you will start by referencing the Last name, first initial. Year of publication. Article title. Name of the magazine, volume/issue number, and then you need to reference the page/s number.

If you are quoting from magazine’s online source, you need to start with Last name, first initial. Year. Article title. Name of magazine, [online] page/s. then you will need to put the online link at the end like, Retrieved from: URL.

Citation from Online Sources:

After the advent of internet, the scope of information increased rapidly. Students got a new tool through which they can acquire information, that too free and easily available. But with being free the cost of unreliable information also came. It is important to understand that not everything you read on the internet is true. So, for students, who are using this medium as their source, it is important to verify the information before quoting it into your dissertation.

The typical way of quoting online sources are as follows,

Name of author (year). Title of the web document/page. [Online]. (Last updated: if this information is available). Available at: URL [Accessed date: day/month/year].

The credibility of your dissertation research depends upon the appropriate citation of sources. So, if you are a student, you should give great regard to referencing your research paper. A good research paper is as good as your referencing. A teacher looking at well put references will know that a student understands the workings of writing a good dissertation paper.

By | 2019-11-07T05:05:02+00:00 November 7th, 2019|Harvard Referencing|0 Comments

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